Framework Conditions in Portugal

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Legal Framework in Portugal

Already in 1974, the Portugese government issued a law stating that every company is obliged to present annually data on personal records to the employees, trade unions, labour inspection authorities and the Labour Ministry. The central aim of this regulation is to ensure transparency and to diminish discrimination of workers' rights.

In 2014, a regulation has come into place stating that the Council of Ministers has to prepare every three years a report on salaries paid to women and men in state-owned companies. In addition, this report should include a number of meausres in regard to:

- gender equality plans for state-owned companies;

- encouraging private enterprises with more than 25 employees to conduct a wage analysis by gender and seting out strategies to correct unjustified differences;

- providing companies with an electronic tool that allows to identify and measure unexplained wage differences by gender; and finally,

- rewarding companies with practices of equal pay.[1]

In 2019, the latest regulatory changes have been introduced. Companies with more than 250 employees shall now be obliged to put transparent wage systems in place andpublish a yearly report on their gender pay gap. The Commission for Equality in Labour and Employment (CITE) monitors the process.[2]


  1. European Commission: Legislation and Equality Plans
  2. Gapsquare: Gender Pay Gap Regulations


European Commission: Legislation and Equality Plans

European Commission: Job evaluation free from gender bias / making pay differences transparant

Antidiskriminierungsstelle des Bundes: Gesetzgebung zur Entgeltgleichheit im internationalen Vergleich

Antidiskriminierungsstelle des Bundes: Gleiche Arbeit, ungleicher Lohn? Zahlen und Fakten zu Entgeltungleichheit in Deutschland und Europa

European added value of applying the principle of Equal Pay for men and women for equal work or work of equal value - Research Paper